Devices and Materials Research

Biophotonics and Advanced Nanosensing Lab

The Biophotonics and Advanced Nanosensing lab focuses on harnessing photonics at the nanoscale to enable novel approaches to biomedical imaging and sensing, as well as renewable energy applications. The lab’s state-of-the-art instruments include ultrafast Ti:Sapphire tunable femtosecond lasers, UV, visible and IR lasers, UV/VIS dual mode confocal Raman and microPL spectroscopy, and Terahertz TDS systems. Ongoing research involves biophotonics, Terahertz technology and sensing, biomedical imaging for early cancer detection, nanowire and Quantum dot devices, nano-biosensing, nanophotonics, plasmonics, and solar cells.

Electroplating Lab

The Electroplating lab provides a deposition method for high purity metals using electrochemistry. This technique is important for depositing metals that may be relatively thick compared to metals deposited by vacuum techniques. Electroplating is also extremely useful for filling trenches or vias with metal, such as copper-filled vias to be used as vertical interconnects enabling 3-D integration. Additional capabilities include wafer bonding using a combination of pressure and temperature and silicon wafer thinning by mechanical grinding/polishing.

Electronic Materials and Devices Lab

The Electronic Materials and Devices lab focuses on micro/nanoscale devices using oxide materials for a wide variety of applications. Ongoing research includes MEMS piezoelectric and multiferroic sensors/actuators for memory and structural health monitoring applications, transparent conducting oxides and ferroelectrics for photovoltaics (solar cells), pyro-optic sensors for uncooled IR applications, and radhard materials.

Magnetic Materials and Device Lab

The Magnetic Materials and Device lab focuses on nanoscale magnetic structures and microwave devices for information data storage and microwave communication systems, respectively. Current research includes spintronics, miniature MHz-GHz ferrite antennas, magnetic nanoparticles, green energy-permanent magnets, and MHz ferrite inductors. Capabilities include magnetic nanostructures and magnetic device fabrication, magnetic device performance testing, micromagnetic computer simulation of spin configuration and spin dynamics, electromagnetic field distribution, and electromagnetic compatibility.

Nanoimprinted Devices and Organic Electronics Lab

The Nanoimprinted Devices and Organic Electronics lab focuses on organic electronics including nanotechnology-based solar cells with efforts to develop photovoltaic technology for high-efficiency, low cost solar cells and thin-film transistors. Other research includes high-speed, large-area printing on flexible substrates and patterning of magnetic graded media using nanoimprint lithography.

Nano Opto-Electronics Lab

The Nano Opto-Electronics lab focuses on exploring novel compound III-V and II-VI semiconductor materials and nanostructures for optoelectronic and electronic devices; developing new synthesis approaches using MOVPE; and gaining understanding of their fundamental interactions with photons in the spectral range from the deep ultraviolet over the visible to the far infrared, as well as in the Terahertz. Ongoing research involves nanophotonics, optoelectronics, HEMT, LED, solid state lighting, diode lasers, photon detectors, including inorganic photovoltaics and solar cells.

Sensor Electronics Lab

The Sensor Electronics lab focuses on sensors and nanoelectronics and associated applications. Current research includes nanosensors, nanoelectronics, nanowires, nanopackaging, and microsystems test automation. Capabilities include synthesis of nanowires using computer-assisted CVD system, carbon nanotube-based device fabrication, VLSI and radio frequency (RF) circuit design and simulations for system-in-package, and mixed-signal IC testing using VLCT automatic test equipment.

Electromechanical Systems Research

Electromechanical Systems Lab

The Electromechanical Systems lab focuses on high-power motion control system development and integration topics such as thrust vector control systems, flight surface control systems, renewable resource generation, and hybrid/electric vehicles. The facility houses state-of-the-art development, fabrication, prototyping, testing and instrumentation equipment. The Electromechanical Actuation Test Fixture is suitable for actuator development and testing at dynamic force levels approaching 100,000 lbs. Current research focuses on system integration and components of modern electromechanical devices and systems including power electronics, electric machinery, advanced energy storage, renewable resources, system-level control, and design optimization.

Energy Systems Power Electronics and Control Lab

Research focuses on high performance topology architectures, devices and analog/digital control methods for energy systems, computing platforms to improve energy efficiency, improve dynamic response and stability, increase power density, and reduce cost. Research also focuses on developing adaptive, predictive and self-tuning advanced analog and digital control schemes for very high switching frequency and/or integrated power/energy conversion. Research efforts also include developing power management schemes for efficient interfacing of energy/power systems with its dynamic load.

Renewable Energy Systems Lab

The Renewable Energy Systems lab focuses on integration, control and management of renewable energy resources and energy storage devices. This includes but is not limited to wind and solar energy systems, grid integration of renewable energy resources, control and management of renewable microgrids, and smart grid with distributed renewable energy generation.

Embedded Systems Research

Computer Laboratory of Ambient and Wearable Systems

Research focuses on application of pervasive computing and computational intelligence in biomedical, biometric and other applications. Research topics include wearable sensors, wireless sensor and body networks, self-powered sensors and energy harvesting, analysis of physiological signals and classification of human behaviors, sensor fusion and pattern recognition.

Embedded Systems Lab

The Embedded Systems lab focuses on fundamental image processing algorithms and their ultrafast implementation via custom hardware architectures. Of specific interest are applications to high definition quality video. Available equipment includes high performance parallel computing systems, FPGA-based computing platforms, and high definition video cameras.

Real-Time Image Processing Lab

Research focuses on application of pervasive computing and computational intelligence in biomedical, biometric and other applications. Research topics include wearable sensors, wireless sensor and body networks, self-powered sensors and energy harvesting, analysis of physiological signals and classification of human behaviors, sensor fusion and pattern recognition.

Cognitive Sensor Networks and Security Lab

Research activities focus on compressive sensor design, behavioral biometrics, decentralized signal processing and learning, bio-inspired sensing paradigms, feature extraction and information exploitation. Research also includes large-scale sensor network engineering design (routing, congestion control, region-of-interest exploration, MAC/physical layer design), sensor fusion and data mining. Wireless security research includes system security in wireless LAN, sensor networks, and other networking platforms.